Bibliografia

  1. AA. VV. Dizionario etimologico. 1st ed. Genova: Rusconi; 2003.
  2. Angle EH. The Malocclusion of the Teeth. Angle’s system. 7th ed. Philadelfia: The S.S. White Dental Manufacturing Company; 1907.
  3. Case CS. A pratical treatise on the technics and principles of Dental Orthopedia and Prosthetic Correction of Cleft Palate. 1st ed. Chicago: C.S. Case Company; 1921.
  4. Angle EH. The Latest and Best in Orthodontic Mechanism. Dental Cosmos 1929; 51: 260.
  5. Brodie AG. Facial Patterns. Angle Orthod 1946; 16: 75-87.
  6. Brodie AG. The Angle Concept of Class II, division I Malocclusion. 1931; 1: 117-38.
  7. Nanda RS. The rates of growth of several facial components measured from serial cephalometric roentgengrams. Am J Orthod 1955; 41: 658-73.
  8. Björk A. Variations in the growth pattern of the human mandible: longitudinal radiographic study by the implant method. J Dent Res 1963; 42: 400-11.
  9. Hunter C. The correlation of facial growth with body height and skeletal maturation at adolescence. Angle Orthod 1966; 36: 44-54.
  10. Ekström C. Facial growth rate and its relation to somatic maturation in healthy children. Swed Dent J (Suppl) 1982; 11: 1-99.
  11. Lewis A, Roche AF, Wagner B. Pubertal spurts in cranial base and mandible: comparisons within individuals. Angle Orthod 1985; 55: 17-30.
  12. McNamara JA Jr, Bookstein FL, Shaughnessy TG. Skeletal and dental changes following functional regulator therapy on Class II patients. Am J Orthod 1985; 88: 91-110.
  13. Hägg U, Pancherz H, Taranger J. Pubertal growth and orthodontic treatment. In: Carlson DS, Ribbens KA. Craniofacial growth during adolescence. Vol.20. Ann Arbor: Center for Human Growth and Development, The University of Michigan: Craniofacial Growth Monograph Series; 1987.
  14. Petrovic A, Stutzmann J, Lavergne J, Shaye R. Is it possible to modulate the growth of the human mandible with a functional appliance? Inter J Orthod 1991; 29: 3-8.
  15. Petrovic A, Stutzmann J, Lavergne J. Mechanism of craniofacial growth and modus operandi of functional appliances: a cell-level and cybernetic approach to orthodontic decision making. In: Carlson DS, ed. Craniofacial growth theory and orthodontic treatment. Vol.23. Ann Arbor: Center for Human Growth and Development, The University of Michigan: Craniofacial Growth Monograph Series; 1990.
  16. Petrovic A, Stutzmann J, Lavergne J. Biologische Grundlage für die unterschiedliche interindividuelle Gewebereaktion auf eine Kieferorthopädische Behandlung mit dem Bionator. In: Harzer W. Berlin: Kieferorthopädischer Gewebeumbau. Quintessenz Verlags-GmbH; 1991.
  17. Malmgren O, Ömblus J, Hägg U, Pancherz H. Treatment with an appliance system in relation to treatment intensity and growth periods. Am J Orthod 1987; 91: 143-51.
  18. Hägg U, Pancherz H. Dentofacial orthopaedics in relation to chronological age, growth period and skeletal development: an analysis of 72 male patients with Class II Division 1 malocclusion treated with the Herbst appliance. Eur J Orthod 1988; 10: 169-76.
  19. Graber TM, Vanarsdall RL. Orthodontics: Current principles and techniques.2nd ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 1994.
  20. McNamara JA Jr, Brudon WL. Trattamento ortodontico e ortopedico in dentatura mista. 1st ed. Milano: Masson; 1998.
  21. Caprioglio D, Levrini A, Lanteri C, Caprioglio A, Levrini L. Ortodonzia intercettiva. 1 st ed. Bologna: Martina; 2000.
  22. Kloehn SJ. Guiding Alveolar Growth and Eruption of the Teeth to Reduce Treatment Time and Produce a More Balanced Denture and Face . Angle Orthod 1947; 17: 10.
  23. Kloehn SJ. Evaluation of Cervical Anchorage Force in Treatment. Angle Orthod 1961; 31: 91.
  24. Ricketts RM. The Influence of Orthodontic Treatment on Facial Growth and Development. Angle Orthod 1959; 30: 103-33.
  25. Ricketts RM. Cephalometric Analysis and Synthesis. Angle Orthod 1961; 31: 141-56.
  26. .Ricketts RM. JCO interviews. JCO 1970; 4 (4-7).
  27. Ricketts RM. JCO interviews: Dr. Robert M. Ricketts on Early Treatment. JCO 1979; 13: Part I,II,III.
  28. Ricketts RM, Bench RW, Gugino CF, Hilgers JJ, Schulhof RJ. Bioprogressive Therapy. Book 1. Denver CO, USA: Rocky Mountain Orthodontics; 1979.
  29. Ricketts RM. Provocations And Perceptions In Cranio-Facial Orthopedics. 1st ed. Denver CO, USA: Rocky Mountain Orthodontics; 1989.
  30. Ricketts RM.Orthodontic treatment in the growing patient. Vol. I,II,III,IV. Scottsdale AZ, USA: American Institute for Bioprogressive Education and Ricketts Research Library and learning Center, Loma Linda University  CA, USA; 1998.
  31. Ricketts RM. A statement regarding early treatment. Am J Orthod 2000; 117: 556-8.
  32.  Ricketts RM.Differences between straight wire techniques and bioprogressive philosophy. Scottsdale AZ, USA: American Institute for Bioprogressive Education and Ricketts Research Library and learning Center, Loma Linda University CA, USA; 1996.
  33. Brodie AG. Eighteen Years Of Research At Illinois. Angle Orthod 1948; 18: 3-59.
  34. Brodie AG. Research In The Department Of Orthodontics Graduate College University Of Illinois From 1951 To 1956. Angle Orthod 1957; 27: 198-216.
  35. Drelich RC. A cephalometric study of untreated Class II, division I malocclusion. Angle Orthod 1948; 18: 70-75.
  36. Altemus LA. Horizontal and vertical dentofacial relationship in normal and Class II, division I malocclusion in girls 11-15 years. Angle Orthod 1955; 25: 120-37.
  37. Rothstein TL. Facial morphology and growth from 10 to 14 years of age in children presenting Class II, division I malocclusion: a comparative roentgenographic cephalometric study. Am J Orthod 1971; 60: 619-20.
  38. Riedel RA. The relation of maxillary structures to cranium in malocclusion and normal occlusion. Angle Orthod 1952; 22:142-5.
  39. Hunter WS. The vertical dimensions of the face and skeletodental retrognathism. Am J Orthod 1967; 53: 586-95.
  40. Hitchcock HP. A cephalometric description of Class II, division 1, malocclusion. Am J Orthod 1973; 63: 414-23.
  41. McNamara JA. Components of Class II Malocclusion in Children 8-10 Years of Age. Angle Orthod 1981; 51: 177-202.
  42. Robin P. Dèmostration pratque sur la construction et la mise in bouche d’un nouvel appareil de redressement. Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac 1902; 9: 561-90.
  43. Herbst E. Dreissighjahrige Erfahrungen mit dem Retentions-Schaarnier. Zahnaerztliche Rundschau 1934. 43: 1515-616.
  44. Andresen V. The Norwegian system of functional gnatho-orthopaedics. Acta Gnatol 1936; 1: 5-36.
  45. Andresen V, Haupl K. Funktions-Kieferorthopadie. Leipzig: Johann Ambrosius Barth; 1942.
  46. Bimler HP. Appareils fonctionnels élastiques. Ortho France 1953; 24: 169.
  47. Frankel R. Funktionskieferorthopadie und der mundvorhof als apparative basis. Berlin: VEB Volk und Gesundheit; 1967.
  48. Bass NM. Dentofacial orthopaedics in the correction of Class II malocclusion. Br J Orthod 1982; 9: 3-31.
  49. Ricketts RM. The evolution of diagnosis to computerized cephalometrics. Am J Orthod 1969; 55: 795-803.
  50. Ricketts RM. The value of cephalometrics and computerized technology. Angle Orthod 1972; 42: 179-99.
  51. Ricketts RM. A principle of arcial growth of the mandibole. Angle Orthod 1972; 42. 368-86.
  52. Ricketts RM.Understanding the VTO: its construction and mechanics for execution. Vol. I,II. Scottsdale AZ, USA: American Institute for Bioprogressive Education and Ricketts Research Library and learning Center, Loma Linda University CA, USA; 1998.
  53. Ricketts RM.Progressive cephalometrics paradigm 2000. Scottsdale AZ, USA: American Institute for Bioprogressive Education and Ricketts Research Library and learning Center, Loma Linda University CA, USA; 1998.
  54. Sambataro S, Baccetti T, Franchi L, Antonini F. Early Predictive Variables for Upper Canine Impaction as Derived from Posteroanterior Cephalograms. Angle Orthod 2005; 75: 28-34.
  55. Dahlberg G. Statistical Methods for Medical and Biological Students. New York, NY: Interscience Publication; 1940.
  56. Franchi L, Baccetti T, McNamara JA. Mandibular growth as related to cervical vertebral maturation and body height. Am J Orthod 2000; 119: 335-40.
  57. Baccetti T, Franchi L, McNamara JA The cervical vertebral maturation method: some need for clarification. Angle Orthod 2002; 72:316-23.
  58. Broadbent BH. A New X-ray Technique and Its Application to Orthodontia. Angle Orthod 1931; 1: 45-66.
  59. Devoto G, Oli GC. Dizionario della lingua italiana. Firenze: Le Monnier; 1990.
  60. Ricketts RM. Ricketts-Graber Tribute. Foundation for Orthodontic Research. Las Vegas, USA; 1999.
  61. Ricketts RM. Stretching the orthodontic mind to new dimensions. Scottsdale AZ, USA: American Institute for Bioprogressive Education and Ricketts Research Library and learning Center, Loma Linda University CA, USA; 2002.
  62. Ricketts RM. Extraoral Traction – A Phoenix. Scottsdale AZ, USA: American Institute for Bioprogressive Education and Ricketts Research Library and learning Center, Loma Linda University  CA, USA; 2003.
  63. Ricketts RM. A study of changes in temporomandibular relations associated with the treatment of Class II malocclusion. Am J Orthod 1952; 38: 918-33.
  64. Klein LP. An evaluation of cervical traction on the maxilla and the upper first permanent molar. Angle Orthod 1957; 27: 61-8.
  65. King E. Cervical anchorage in Class II division 1 treatment: a cephalometric appraisal. Angle Orthod 1957; 27: 98-104.
  66. Ricketts RM. The influence of Orthodontic treatment on facial growth and development. Angle Orthod 1959; 30:103-33.
  67. McCallin SG. Extraoral traction in orthodontics. Dental Practitioner 1961; 12: 25-38.
  68. Poulton DR. A three-year survey of Class II malocclusions with and without occipital headgear therapy. Angle Orthod 1964;  34: 181-93.
  69. Sandusky WC. Cephalometric evalution of the effects of the Kloehn type of cervical traction used as an auxiliary with the edgewise mechanism following Tweed’s principles for the correction of Class II, division 1 malocclusions. Am J Orthod 1965; 51: 262.
  70. Schudy FF. The Rotation Of The Mandible Resulting From Growth: Its Implication In Orthodontic Treatment. Angle Orthod 1965; 35: 36-50.
  71. Meach CL. A cephalometric comparison of bony profile changes in Class II division 1 patients treated with extraoral force and fuctional jaw orthopaedics. Am J Orthod 1966; 52: 353-70.
  72. Jakobsson SO. Cephalometric evaluation of treatment effect on Class II, Division 1 malocclusions. Am J Orthod 1967; 53: 446-56.
  73. Poulton DR. The influence of extraoral traction. Am J Orthod 1967; 53: 8-18.
  74. Creekmore DT. Inhibition or Stimulation of the Vertical Growth of the Facial Complex, Its Significance to Treatment. Angle Orthod 1967; 37: 285-97.
  75. Kuhn R. Control of anterior vertical dimension and proper selection of extraoral anchorage. Angle Orthod1968; 38: 340-9.
  76. Ringenberg QM, Butts W. A controlled cephalometric evaluation of single-arch cervical traction therapy. Am J Orthod 1970; 57: 179.
  77. Merrifield L. Directional forces. Am J Orthod 1970;  57: 435-64.
  78. Weinberger TW. Extra-oral Traction and Functional Appliances – A Cephalometric Comparison. Br J Orthod 1973; 1: 35-9.
  79. Weislander L. The effect of force on craniofacial development. Am J Orthod 1974; 65: 531-83.
  80. Graber TM. Extrinsic control factors influencing craniofacial growth :in McNamara JA. Control mechanisms in craniofacial growth. Monograph 3, Craniofacial Growth Series, Ann Arbor, MI: Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan. 75:100, 1975.
  81. Weislander L. Early or late cervical traction therapy of Class II malocclusions in the mixed dentition. Am J Orthod 1975; 67: 432.
  82. Mills C, Holman G, Graber TM. Heavy intermittent cervical traction in Class II treatment: a longitudinal cephalometric assessment. Am J Orthod 1978;  74: 361.
  83. Melsen B. Effect of cervical anchorage during and after treatment : an implant study. Am J Orthod 1978; 73: 526-40.
  84. Baumrind S, Korn EL, Molthen R, West EE. Changes in facial dimensions associated with the use of forces to retract the maxilla. Am J Orthod 1981; 80:17-30.
  85. Williams S, Melsen B. Condylar development and mandibular rotation and displacement during activator treatment. Am J Orthod 1982; 81: 322-6.
  86. Langlade M. Terapia ortodontica. Le trazioni extraorali scienza e tecnica dentistica. Milano: Edizione internazionale; 1985.
  87. Boecler PR, Riolo ML, Keeling SD, TenHave TR. Skeletal changes associated with extraoral appliance therapy: an evaluation of 200 consecutively treated cases. Angle Orthod 1987; 59: 263-70.
  88. Cangialosi TJ, Meistrell ME, Leung MA, Yang Ko J. A cephalometric appraisal of edgewise Class II nonextraction treatment with extraoral force. Am J Orthod 1988; 93: 315-24.
  89. Burke M, Jacobson A. Vertical changes in high-angle Class II, division 1 patients treated with cervical or occipital pull headgear. Am J Orthod 1992; 102: 501-8.
  90. Braun S, Johnson BE, Hnat WP, Gomez JA. Evaluation of the vertical forces generated by the cervical biteplate facebow. Angle Orthod 1993; 63: 119-26.
  91. Bishara SE, Zaher AR, Cummins DM, Jakobsen JR. Effects of orthodontic treatment on the growth of individuals with Class II division 1 malocclusion. Angle Orthod  1994; 64:221-30.
  92. Cook AH, Sellke TA, BeGole EA. Control of the vertical dimension in Class II correction using a cervical headgear and lower utility arch in growing patients. Part I. Am J Orthod 1994; 106: 376-88.
  93. Ucem TT, Yuksel S. Effects of different vectors of forces applied by combined headgear. Am J Orthod 1998; 113: 316-23.
  94. Harris EH, Gardner RZ, Vaden JL. A longitudinal study of post orthodontic craniofacial changes. Am J Orthod 1999; 115: 77-82.
  95. Ferro F, Monsurrò A, Perillo L. Sagittal and vertical changes after treatment of Class II division 1 malocclusion according to the Cetlin method. Am J Orthod 2000; 118: 150-8.
  96. Schiavon Gandini MREA, Gandini LG, da Rosa Martins JC, Del Santo. Effects of cervical heagear and edgewise appliances on growing patients. Am J Orthod 2001; 119: 531-9.
  97. Kim KR, Muhl ZF. Changes in mandibular growth direction during and after cervical headgear treatment. Am J Orthod 2001; 119: 522-30.
  98. Junkin JB, Andria LM. Comparative Long Term Post-Treatment Changes in Hyperdivergent  Class II Division 1 Patients With Early Cervical Traction Treatment. Angle Orthod 2002; 72: 5-14.
  99. Sambataro S. Recenti acquisizioni sulla terapia della seconda Classe scheletrica secondo la biomeccanica di Ricketts. Bollettino Società Medico- Chirurgica 2002; 29.
  100. Sambataro S. The effects of cervical headgear in a dolichofacial high convexity female subject. The 2nd World Edgewise Orthodontic Congress. Florence; 2003;156.
  101. Bjork A. The use of metallic implants in the study of facial growth in children: Method and application. Am J Phys Antrop 1968; 29: 243-54.
  102. Bjork A. Prediction of mandibular growth rotation. Am J Orthod 1969; 55: 585-99.
  103. Furstman L. The early development of the human temporomandibular joint. Am J Orthod 1963; 9: 672-82.
  104. Ricketts RM. The Divine Proportion: A New Movement in orthodontics. Foundation for Orthodontic Research 1980: 29-43.
  105. Ricketts RM. The Golden Divider. JCO 1981; 15: 752-9.
  106. Ricketts RM. Divine Proportion in Facial Esthetics. Clinics in Plastic Surgery 1987; 3: 401-71.
  107. Burstone C. Mechanics of the segmented technique. Angle Orthod. 1966; 36: 99-120.
  108. Burstone C. Deep overbite correction by intrusion. Am J Orthod 1977; 72: 1-22.
  109. Romeo DA, BurstoneC. Tip-back Mechanics.  Am J Orthod 1977; 72: 414-21.
  110. Burstone CJ. The Segmented Arch Approach to space closure. Am J Orthod 1982; 82: 361.
  111. Tanne K, Koeng H, Burstone C. Moments to force Ratios and center of rotation. Am J Orthod  1988; 94: 426-31.
  112. Pancherz H, Fackel U. The skeletofacial growth pattern pre- and post-dentofacial orthopaedics. A long-term study of Class II malocclusions treated with the Herbst appliance. Eur J Orthod 1990; 12: 209-18.
  113. Petrovic A, Stutzmann J. Crescita sagittale della mandibola mediante edgewise ed elastici di II Classe. Ortognatodonzia It 1994; 3; 93-108.
  114. Faltin KJ, Faltin RM, Baccetti T, Franchi L, Ghiozzi B, McNamara JA Jr. Long-term effectiveness and treatment timing for Bionator therapy. Angle Orthod 2003; 73: 221-30.